There is still time to move perennials. Leave grasses where they are and divide them in the spring.
Potted plants can still be planted in the landscape.
Spring flowering bulbs are best planted starting in mid-October.
If your landscape is subject to browsing deer, then plant daffodils and alliums which they don’t like.
Clean and compost any leaves that fall.
If you have hemlocks, October is the best time to spray horticultural oil for wooly adelgid control.
By the end of the month your houseplants will need to be brought inside for the winter. Check for insects and prune back where needed.
If there is no rain, be sure to still water trees and shrubs so they are not stressed going into winter.
Now is the time that conifers shed their interior needles to get ready for winter.
Cold tolerant annuals can still be planted now and will last until Thanksgiving.
Edge your beds in the fall to save time in the spring.
Store pesticides where they will not freeze.
Don’t harvest your winter squash until the skin or find has completely hardened. Store in a cool dry place.
As areas of your garden become empty, plant a cover crop such as winter rye, to improve the soil.
Brussels sprouts and Cape Cod turnips improve with multiple frosts.
Carrots and turnips can be mulched and dug up throughout the winter.
Hot peppers can be dried and stored for months.
Time to buy your garlic, but don’t plant until November; remember plant with the pointy side up.
When carving your pumpkins for Halloween be sure to save the seeds for roasting.
There is still time to reseed and create a lawn early in the month.
Aerating a lawn is best done when the soil is moist.
A small amount of leaves can be chopped up and left on the lawn to improve the soil; but not too much. If you are using a mulching lawn mower remember to mow often for the grass grows faster in cooler weather.
Fall is a good time to lime, but do a soil test first to see if you need too.
Always follow the 1/3 rule and never remove more than one third of the grass at a mowing. Mowing is always best when the grass is dry.
When mowing a newly seeded area always mow high and try not bag the grass clippings.
Picking up leaves frequently allows the grass to get more sunlight.